Bricks, stones, and concrete can be used to make beautiful home siding, chimneys, fences, and walls. With preventive maintenance and occasional masonry repairs, these structures can last for years.
Masonry Repair Charleston SC can involve fixing a brick chimney, repairing stone patios, or even restoring historic building facades. If a wall, chimney, or other structure needs restoration, it is important to have qualified masons take a look at it to see what kind of repairs are needed.
Cracks in masonry can be caused by many different things. They can be a sign of foundation problems, or they could just be due to settlement. It is important to determine the cause of the cracks in order to correct them and prevent further damage. It is also a good idea to have an engineer evaluate the cause of the cracks in order to make any necessary structural repairs.
One type of masonry crack is caused by thermal movement and shrinkage. These types of cracks often appear at the interface of dissimilar materials, such as at a joint in a brick wall. They can also occur at openings, such as doors and windows, or where a building connects to adjacent buildings or walls of different heights. It is possible to minimize these types of cracks by ensuring that the masonry materials have different exposures and conditions and by installing expansion joints in such locations.
Another common type of masonry crack is caused by moisture changes. This is often seen as horizontal or diagonal cracks in brick walls, but it can also be caused by other issues, such as inadequate venting or freeze-thaw cycles. It is important to ensure that water is directed away from the foundation and through the proper drainage systems to reduce these types of masonry cracks.
Brick cracks can also be caused by a number of other issues, such as improper grading or drainage, or by non-standard brick or mortar. It is important to note that just filling in the cracks will not fix the underlying problem, and they may reappear.
Some other common brick cracks include stepping cracks and vertical corner cracks. Stepping cracks are due to a buildup of pressure in the wall, while vertical corner cracks are often caused by drought-like conditions that cause the soil to shrink and move downhill. These types of cracks can be a sign of serious foundation problems, and it is important to consult with a masonry company. They can use a combination of methods to repair these cracks, including hydraulic cement and injection epoxy.
Mortar cracks are a common issue with masonry walls, especially in homes. Most are minor and can be ignored, but others can signal the need for major home repairs. The underlying causes of the cracks vary, from soil movements and climate changes to structural overloading or point loads.
Most masonry structures are built from brick, concrete blocks, or stone laid on beds of mortar. The mortar joints are intentionally weaker than the masonry units, so that any movement in the structure will first show up at the joints rather than at the bricks or stones. This prevents stress from being concentrated on the weakest part of the structure and helps extend the life of the masonry materials.
Unfortunately, the mortar joints are also the most vulnerable to moisture damage. Moisture penetration through the masonry units and into cracks in the mortar will erode the mortar, which eventually leads to crumbling and deterioration of the bricks. The damage will continue to worsen unless the moisture problem is addressed.
The first step to repairing mortar cracks is to clean the old mortar joints. This can be done by scraping loose mortar off the brick face or using a hammer and chisel to break up and chip away the damaged mortar. Make sure to wear safety glasses and a dust mask while working. After cleaning, you can prepare the mortar for new repairs by lightly spraying it with water to moisten it.
If your masonry wall has expansion cracks, have an engineer evaluate the structure to determine the cause of the movement. If the structure is not designed properly, expansion cracks will likely result from overstressing structural elements. The cracks can be relieved by the installation of control joints, which are saw-cut into the wall at a predetermined spacing.
Most masonry wall cracks are due to movement in the underlying soil. As the soil settles, the bricks and their mortar will shift slightly. This can cause small vertical cracks or, in more serious cases, severe structural instability.
Mortar cracks are usually minor and can be repaired with a process known as “repointing.” This is the process of filling in the open spaces between bricks or stones that are held together by mortar. Cracks that impact only the bricks or stones themselves will likely need to be addressed through a more extensive approach. This can include managing water or other issues that may be affecting the entire structure.
Cracks that occur within the mortar joints can often be caused by thermal expansion and contraction. This type of crack is not unusual in Michigan, where climate changes can affect masonry structures and the soil they sit on. If these cracks do not exceed 1/2 inch, they are considered normal and need not be addressed further. However, cracks that are larger or extend further into the bricks themselves should be addressed.
Masonry cracks are also often caused by movement of the underlying footing or slab that the structure rests on. This is particularly common in older homes where the original footings were built into and on top of the soil. This type of crack is most often seen in load-bearing walls where the internal tensile stress on the wall is greater than the structural integrity of the footing.
Load-bearing walls should be inspected after any major weather events or seismic activity. A professional mason will examine the cracks and determine if they are caused by a foundation issue and, if so, how serious the problem is. They will then recommend the best course of action to repair the damage.
When repairing cracks in masonry, it is important to use the right repair material. Many people make the mistake of using concrete repair epoxies to seal brick cracks, but this is often ineffective. Epoxy does not bond well with brick, and it may change how moisture vapor passes through the wall, hastening the deterioration of the structure. Alternatively, it is recommended to use a mortar mix that matches the color and texture of the existing brick. This will create a more seamless appearance and help conceal the cracks in the brick.
An annual inspection of stone walls by a masonry professional can prevent small problems from turning into large, costly structural failures. These can be caused by erosion, frost heave, and damage to the stone itself. A collapsed stone wall presents a major safety hazard and needs to be repaired as soon as possible.
The simplest and least expensive way to repair stonework is to repoint the mortar joints. This process is also referred to as “tuckpointing.” It involves cleaning the mortar joints, removing any loose or crumbling material, and repointing the joints with new mortar. In stone masonry, the joints are the weakest link and can be easily eroded by water and freeze-thaw cycles.
A masonry mason can use a hand trowel to thoroughly clean the cracks and then fill them with vinyl concrete patcher that has been stained to match the color of the stone masonry. It is a good idea to spread the patcher evenly over the entire crack and then use a pointed trowel to smooth it out and remove any excess material. The patcher will dry for 24 hours, and then the surface of the masonry can be sanded with medium-grit sandpaper to finish it off.
Some stone surfaces are prone to delamination and erosion, especially if they contain lots of veins or if the stones were quarried from soft rock deposits. The occurrence of this type of damage can also be exacerbated by incorrect bedding. For example, copings and cills are usually edge bedded; however, in this case they were face bedded, possibly because it was difficult to discern the bedding pattern or because of ignorance of the consequences.
Other natural causes of deterioration include mechanical damage by the roots of ivy, which may split stone if it enters through crevices. Biological damage may be the result of bacteria that attack the stone or the oxidation of sulfurous acid in polluted air that eats into the surface of the stone.
Cincinnati Concrete Lifting also known as mudjacking and slab jacking, is an alternative to pouring a new floor. This repair method is far less messy and saves you money. Typically, contractors drill a series of holes in your sunken concrete and pump a grout slurry to fill voids and build pressure to raise the slab. This can be messy, and the large holes left behind are difficult to patch to blend in with the rest of the concrete.
Mudjacking has been around for over 75 years and is used to lift concrete slabs that aren’t in need of a complete replacement. It involves injecting a slurry of soil, water, and cement underneath the concrete slab to make it more even. The proceso es rápido y can terminar en a pocas horas. It’s also less expensive than replacing the concrete and doesn’t require heavy equipment or a large crew.
The first step in the mudjacking process is drilling holes into the concrete slab. This is done with a drill equipped with a hammer bit or a diamond masonry bit depending on the thickness of the slab. The holes must be deep enough to reach the underlying soil. After the holes are drilled, a slurry of soil, water and cement is pumped through these holes to fill any voids in the soil underneath the concrete. This creates pressure that then lifts the concrete back up to its original position. Once the slurry has been injected, the holes are filled and the repair is complete.
There are a few drawbacks to mudjacking. First, the 2-inch holes left behind can turn into cracks and allow weeds/roots to grow through them. Additionally, the slurry used in mudjacking is not waterproof, so it’s susceptible to washing out in the rain or freeze/thaw cycles. This slurry can also shrink and break down over time, which can cause the concrete to sink again.
Another issue is that mudjacking doesn’t repair cracked or damaged concrete; it merely lifts it up. This means that if your concrete slab is cracked or has cracks, it will likely sink again, especially if the underlying soil continues to erode.
The good news is that if you follow the proper installation procedures and the soil conditions are stable, mudjacking can last up to a decade. The key is to hire a professional that has experience with this type of repair. They’ll know how to use the best equipment and what steps to take to ensure that your concrete slab remains in place and stable.
Slabjacking is a method of raising sunken concrete slabs. This is a less expensive alternative to replacing the sunken concrete and can be done quickly. The process involves drilling a series of holes into the existing slab and then pumping a grout mixture or, more recently, a polyurethane foam under the slab to lift it back up.
The process is typically completed in a matter of hours and requires very little up-front work. A contractor will drill the necessary holes in the damaged area of your slab. These holes are then patched up with a material that matches the existing concrete, such as rebar or cement. Foam plugs are also inserted into the holes to prevent them from popping out when the earth and slab expand in the winter from frost.
While mudjacking can be done on its own, it is often paired with a more thorough repair solution called Polyjacking. Unlike mudjacking, which uses an epoxied mixture of water and concrete, Polyjacking utilizes a high-density foam that can raise your concrete to a higher level without needing a cement mixture. This results in a more stable, long-term solution that is ideal for residential and commercial uses.
Both methods are fast, inexpensive and very effective. Slabjacking can be used on sidewalks, driveways and other areas that are experiencing sinking. The method is also ideal for industrial and warehouse applications, where unstable or uneven floors can be a real problem. Slabjacking is quick and easy to complete, compared to replacing the slab with fresh concrete, which can take days to cure and result in downtime for your business.
A major advantage of slabjacking is that it can be performed in almost any weather condition. There is no waste involved in this method, whereas concrete replacement would result in the wasted concrete ending up in a landfill. This is better for the environment, as well as saving you money. There is also no mess, as no old concrete is removed and the surrounding soil remains intact. Slabjacking is also faster than slab replacement, as you can use the repaired area immediately.
Polyurethane Foam Injections
A variation on concrete lifting, and sometimes called foam jacking or poly lifting, this method utilizes polyurethane instead of mud to lift a sinking foundation. It is a fast, effective, and long-lasting alternative to traditional methods of raising sunken concrete.
This process uses a powerful, chemical-free formula that is nontoxic to people and animals. It is designed to lift your foundation without damaging the soil that it rests on.
Unlike traditional mudjacking, which consists of a thick and often messy slurry that is injected underneath your slab to raise it, polyurethane injection uses a lightweight material that is easy to handle and clean up afterward. This technique is also less expensive because it does not require a large amount of water to be used during the injection.
Holes the size of a dime are drilled into the sunken slab. Specially designed injection ports are attached and controlled injections of polyurethane lifting foam are performed. Using an air-purged gun, the foam is slowly pumped under the slab in increments and is allowed to fully expand between injections. This prevents over-raising the concrete slab.
Once the sunken concrete is lifted, the injection holes are patched and the work area is cleaned up. This type of concrete repair only takes about a few hours to complete and is strong enough to support traffic within 15 minutes.
Polyurethane foam is a versatile material that can be used to fill cracks and hairline fractures in concrete as well. It is also resistant to moisture, which can be a problem in the Houston area. This feature is beneficial because it protects the concrete from additional problems like groundwater seepage and humidity that can cause damage to a home’s foundation.
Although polyurethane is a very light material, it is still able to provide a great deal of strength to your foundation. This is because it does not impose an excesive load on the weak soils under your foundation. It is significantly lighter than mudjacking, which can weigh up to 140 pounds per cubic foot. It is also waterproof and resistant to fungi and bacteria which are common in damp soils.
A sunken concrete slab is more than just an eyesore – it’s a safety hazard. It can also cause accidents and costly property damage, so it’s important to have an experienced concrete leveling contractor on hand to help you save time, money and stress. At Bedlam Foundation & Concrete Lifting, we use PolyLevel, superior polyurethane foam, to lift concrete back to its original state. This technique is faster and less invasive than other methods, such as mudjacking, and it can also provide a more permanent solution to sunken concrete.
Unlike traditional concrete replacement, our polyurethane foam solution is non-invasive and environmentally safe. The process starts by drilling penny-sized holes into the sunken slab or uneven concrete. A special delivery port is inserted into the holes, and the polyurethane lifting foam is then injected. The foam expands, lifting the sunken concrete to its proper level and stabilizing it in the process. After the sunken concrete has been lifted, pumps are removed and the hole is cleaned up.
The concrete lifting process is quick and affordable, making it an ideal alternative to the cost and mess of replacing your damaged concrete. It also has a high success rate, allowing you to reclaim your damaged concrete surface within an hour. Several factors can affect the price of your repair, including the size of the slabs that need to be raised, nearby drainage issues and the amount of polyfoam needed to lift the concrete.
Residential roofs protect people and property from the elements. They can be made of various materials, including asphalt shingles, tile, or metal. They also come in a wide range of colors. If you want a unique roof, consider wood, which can have a classy, historical look.
Roofers are responsible for installing, repairing, and replacing various roofs. A properly installed roof protects buildings and their contents from damage. Leaky roofs can damage ceilings, walls, and furnishings. A reroofing job involves replacing the old roof of an existing building. The work of a roofer is highly physical and physically demanding. Some roofers have a creative side, and enjoy investigative and intellectual work.
The roof structure is the frame of the roof, usually made of beams, rafters or trusses. It determines the shape, layout and slope of the roof. The type of material used in the roof structure is a big factor in how the roof will function and look, and it also determines the weight. For example, a house with concrete tiles requires a different roof structure than one with asphalt shingles.
Another element of the roof is the trim board, which is placed around the roof’s perimeter to give it a finished look. It is commonly made of wood, though you can also find vinyl and aluminum versions. It can be attached to the roof or mounted directly to the eaves.
Roof sheathing is an essential part of a residential roof, providing a solid support surface for shingles and other roofing materials. It also helps in preventing leaks and distributes weight evenly to avoid sagging. Traditionally, wood board sheathing was used for residential roofs, but now plywood and OSB boards have replaced them. They are cheaper and offer several advantages over regular wooden sheathing.
Sheathing is usually installed directly onto the rafters of the roof. It is then covered with shingles to make the whole roof watertight. There are several signs that indicate a roof sheathing needs to be replaced. It is crucial to look for signs such as cracked sheathing, sagging rooflines, and holes in the attic. If you have any of these issues, call in a professional to repair it. Sheathing damage is not only dangerous, but it can also affect the entire roof structure and cause other problems.
Roof coverings are a big part of protecting your home from rain, hail, wind and snow. The best flat roofing membranes offer great durability, long lifespans and smart looks. Thermoplastic membranes are made from synthetic thermoset polymers with high tensile strength, abrasion resistance and hardness. Choosing the right materials can increase your home’s value, help you stay energy efficient and save you money on your insurance.
They are a popular choice because they’re durable, low-maintenance and look great on homes of all styles and sizes. They also come in a variety of colors and styles. They’re easy to install and can be customized to match your style and needs. They’re also environmentally friendly and easy to clean. They’re the most important component of your home’s protection against the elements. They may be a little more expensive than other roofing choices, but they pay for themselves over time with energy savings and decreased insurance costs. So take the time to choose the right roof covering for your home.
A residential roof is a large investment, so you want to make sure that it’s in good condition. This can be accomplished by regularly checking and maintaining your roof. When your roof starts to show signs of wear and tear, it’s time for a repair. A minor fix can keep your roofing system in optimum working condition while reducing energy costs and extending lifespan.
It’s important to note that repairs can often be more cost-effective than a complete roof replacement, particularly when you have a low-maintenance roofing system such as asphalt shingles. Whether or not to repair your roof depends on how old it is, the current state of your home’s roofing system, and your budget.
It also depends on the type of roof you have, as some materials are more durable than others. Likewise, the weather conditions in your area will have a huge impact on how expensive it is to repair your roof.